What are they?
Stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and other neural, or neuromuscular disorders can cause dysfunction of the larynx. Often, such disorders affect voice by causing weakness or paralysis of the vocal folds.
How are they treated?
Neurological disorders should be followed by neurologists. The variety of neurological disorders of the larynx require specific patient evaluation to determine management options, which can range from voice therapy to office-based or operating room procedures to improve an affected voice.