Sarcoidosis

What is it?
Sarcoidosis is a chronic inflammatory disorder that most commonly affects the lungs and lymph nodes, but can affect a number of parts of the body.  The larynx, particularly the supraglottis, or region of the voice box above the vocal folds, can be affected and cause dysphonia (hoarseness), dysphagia (trouble swallowing), or dyspnea (shortness of breath).

How is it treated?
Sarcoidosis should be managed primarily by a specialist in the disorder, typically a rheumatologist, but patients suffering from symptoms related to voice, swallowing, or airway can be helped by voice therapy, local steroid injections, or surgery, depending on patient and disease-specific factors.   Rarely, patients who have breathing problems related to their sarcoidosis may require airway-enlarging surgery or a tracheostomy tube.