Cancer (Malignancy)

What is it?
Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can invade adjacent tissues or spread elsewhere in the body.  In the larynx and trachea, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer, but other epithelial cancers (mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, etc) or sarcomas (chondrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, etc) can also be found.  In addition, cancers of the thyroid and parathyroid glands can impinge on breathing.

How is it treated?
Cancer can be treated by surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy, or a combination of treatments depending on the location, type, and stage of disease.  Early stage cancers can often be treated with surgery or radiation therapy, while advanced cancers are typically treated with a combination of surgery, radiation, and/or chemotherapy.  Unique to The Voice Clinic of Indiana are the experience, techniques, and technology to remove some cancers surgically, while maintaining maximal preservation of the healthy tissues necessary for voice production, swallowing, and breathing.  Open surgery is required for some cancers.

Learn more by clicking here, then scrolling down and clicking on the “Laryngeal Dysplasia and Cancer” pamphlet