Thyroid Nodules

What are they?

Thyroid nodules are solid or fluid-filled growths within the thyroid gland, which is a gland located low and in the center of the neck.  Most nodules are benign (non-cancerous), but should be appropriately evaluated with imaging and, sometimes, a minimally-invasive biopsy.

How are they treated?

Very small nodules and ones that are benign on biopsy can be followed with imaging to ensure there is no change over time.  Sometimes, a biopsy shows results that are unclear.  Depending on various factors, the biopsy can be repeated.  However, there is sometimes a need to remove a portion of the thyroid gland to make a final diagnosis.